The use of sulfonamides in the pharmacotherapy of infectious diseases of humans and animals and the associated environmental risk

Oryg. Zastosowanie sulfonamidów w farmakoterapii chorób zakaźnych ludzi i zwierząt oraz związane z tym zagrożenia dla środowiska

  • Adrian Podkowa Katedra Chemii Nieorganicznej i Analitycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków
  • Anna Włodarczyk Katedra Chemii Nieorganicznej i Analitycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków; Katedra Botaniki Farmaceutycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków
  • Włodzimierz Opoka Katedra Chemii Nieorganicznej i Analitycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków
  • Bożena Muszyńska Katedra Botaniki Farmaceutycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków

Abstract

Sulfonamides are one of the oldest antibacterial drugs that remain still in use in humans and animals treatment. These compounds block the biosynthesis of folate in bacterial cells, thus inhibiting growth of bacteria. In order to potentiate the pharmacological activity, sulfonamides are often combined with trimethoprim. The role of those bacteriostatic agents has decreased over the years, mainly due to increasing bacterial resistance which is an effect of the inappropriate use of sulfonamides. There are still several compounds which are administered in humans to treat not only bacterial infections, but also protozoan ones (e.g. toxoplasmosis), for instance sulfamethoxazole, sulfacetamide, sulfathiazole. More number of sulfonamides is used in veterinary. According to this fact, there is a considerable adverse effect of those compounds on the environment: sulfonamides, after having been excreted from animal organisms, are present in soil and water, including groundwater. Hence there is a strong need to find effective methods of sulfonamides degradation in order to protect the environment

Published
2018-08-17
How to Cite
PODKOWA, Adrian et al. The use of sulfonamides in the pharmacotherapy of infectious diseases of humans and animals and the associated environmental risk. Medicina Internacia Revuo - International Medicine Review, [S.l.], v. 28, n. 110, p. 4-10, aug. 2018. ISSN 0465-5435. Available at: <http://interrev.com/mir/index.php/mir/article/view/132>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2018.
Section
Review publication