Med.Inter.Rev. 2016, 107, 68-75.

Natural products in dentistry (Oryg. Surowce naturalne w stomatologii)


PYTKO-POLOŃCZYK Jolanta1, MUSZYŃSKA Bożena2

  1. Department of Integrated Dentistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Montelupich 4, 30-155
    Kraków, Poland
  2. Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University, Medical College,
    Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków, Poland

Abstract

Modern medicine used many methods of treatment; one of them is phytotherapy. It is documented that plants can not only prevent many diseases, but also cure diseases. Main activities of plant materials used in dentistry are anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, decongestant, adtringent, anti-bleeding and regenerating. The natural materials used in dentistry are mainly in the form of lotions, tinctures, infusions, toothpaste, drops and gels. The most important group of active compounds in dental formulations of natural origin include essential oils, monoterpenoides, phenolic compounds, gums, resins, tannins, flavonoids, anthocyanins, carotenoids, chlorophyll, vitamins, elements such as especially zinc and minerals such as AlK(SO4)2. It occurs naturally and is used for control of bleeding, and as an antiseptic. The ideal antimicrobial agent should be effective in removing bacteria responsible for the periodontal disease process; to have the widest possible range of action, does not cause side effects and have a prolonged activity in the oral cavity. Accordingly natural products particularly as essential oils and phenol compounds can, fulfill these tasks

Keywords: natural products in dentistry, ether oils, eugenol, flavonoids, zinc


Oryginal language: Polish

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