Med.Inter.Rev. 2014, 103, 106-109.

Transcranial Magnetic stimulation and transcranial electric stimulation: applications in neurology and psychiatry.
Transkrania magneta stimulado kaj transkrania elektra stimulado: aplikadoj en Neŭrologio kaj Psikiatrio.


Joaquim P. BRASIL–NETO

Departamento de Ciencias Fisiológicas, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Darcy Ribeiro Brasília-DF 70910-900


Abstract
Cerebral plasticity plays an important role in learning and in neurological recovery after nervous lesions. However, in certain nervous diseases that same plasticity may lead to nervous system malfunction. Nowadays there are new methods that seem to be able to modulate nervous system function, namely transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation. By use of these methods it may be possible, for example, to transiently improve learning and other mental abilities in normal volunteers or to treat symptoms of maladaptive brain plasticity in various neurological and psychiatric conditions. In this article we review the history, the fundamentals and the most important uses of these techniques.

Keywords: TMS, TES, transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, brain plasticity


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